The Athens Manufacturing Company grew quickly, and by 1850 it was larger than Clarke County’s two other cotton mills: the Princeton Mill near Five Points and the factory at Whitehall. The Civil War was a period of significant growth for the company, and they reaped huge profits weaving flannel for Confederate soldiers’ underwear, wool jeans for their uniforms, cotton duck for tenting, and more. In 1870, company stockholders expanded their business again by purchasing the former Cook and Brother Confederate Armory (now UGA’s Chicopee Building). The new factory, known commonly as “the Check Factory,” became the company’s weaving hub, while the Athens Factory remained central for storage and thread production. Once both factories were operating, factory employees transported thread and cloth between the facilities by boat on the North Oconee River.